PresbyLASIK treatment uses the principles of LASIK surgery to create a multifocal corneal surface aimed at reducing near vision
spectacle dependence in presbyopic patients. This treatment constitutes the next step in the correction of presbyopia after
monovision LASIK.1-3 Among the presbyLASIK techniques, central presbyLASIK4 creates a central area, which is hyperpositive for near vision leaving the midperipheral cornea for far vision.5 Positive clinical results of this surgical technique have been recently reported4 and also tested objectively with a light propagation algorithm.6
Multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) can be based on refractive and diffractive technologies.7,8 Refractive optics have been extensively used to decrease near vision spectacle dependence of aphakic patients, with the
Array (AMO) being a typical lens.9-10
We recently performed a study comparing the visual outcomes achieved by patients who underwent presbyLASIK with the simulated
results that they would have obtained from a multifocal IOL implant, such the Array multifocal IOL.11
A total of 10 hyperopic eyes that underwent central presbyLASIK surgery with Presby-One software (Technovision) using a H.
Eye Tech. Technovision excimer laser (Technovision and Bausch & Lomb) platform were included in this study. The mean age was
57 (ranging from 52 to 68) and mean preoperative spherical equivalent was 1.28±0.87 D. The mean value and standard deviation
of the distance visual acuity with and without correction were 1.02±0.13 and 0.37±0.15, respectively. All patients had a corneal
curvature (SimK) between 40 D and 48 D, a horizontal iris diameter (white-to-white) between 11.5 mm and 12.0 mm, central corneal
thickness of no less than 500 μm and no signs of cataract observed using a slit lamp. Pupil diameter ranged from 2.5 mm (photopic
conditions) to 6.0 mm (mesopic conditions).
Assessment before presbyLASIK surgery consisted of a complete ophthalmologic examination including topography (CSO topographer;
CSO), biometry (IOL master; Carl Zeiss Meditec), pachymetry (Ophthasonic; Technar), and manifest refraction. Distance visual
acuity was tested using the decimal scale visual charts at 4 m; uncorrected distance visual acuity and best corrected distance
visual acuity were tested under normal light conditions (approximately 90 cd/m2 ) using 100% contrast optotypes. Postoperative follow-up exams took place at one day, one week and one, three and six months
after surgery. For the purpose of this study only the six months data was used.
The central presbyLASIK ablation (Presby-One) creates a multifocal corneal profile over a 6 mm diameter (Figure 1a). The distance hyperopic correction is applied over the entire 6 mm zone but the central 3 mm of the treatment zone is purposely
rendered hyperpositive by a further 1.5 D.
A 1.5 mm circumferential transition zone of gradually changing power connects the portion of the cornea corrected for distance
with the region corrected for near. The ablation pattern was performed with proprietary Presby-One software using the H. Eye
Tech. Technovision excimer laser platform. This excimer laser uses a flying spot of 0.8 mm with a repetition rate of 50 Hz
and an eye tracker system with a mean response time of 10 ms.